Great Helm Pattern and Construction
by K. Grayson
Our thanks to K. Grayson for allowing us to re-publish this article on Arador. (see also: An Introduction to the Skill of Making Armour and Building Spaulders- An exercise in basic hammerwork, finishing, and assembly)
This type of helm is a nice basic helm to make. It is typical of those found throughout western europe from about 1275 till about 1375. This makes it perfect for those recreating transitional era armour. This is based of several helms c1300. Two examples can be seen on the right.
The first of these helms I made in Janurary 2001.
These patterns are designed to fit a 61.5cm (24″) head, with 12mm (1/2″) padding. (see also: Facts and Myths about Armour Patterns)
Click on each image then print it out using a full sheet of A4 paper. Carefully cut around the outside of the lines.
Putting it together
Get a sheet of mild steel. I would recommend 16 gauge, but if you prefer a little extra protection, then use 14 gauge. If you are making this for SCA combat, make sure your steel is true 16 gauge (1.600mm) or 14 gauge (2.000mm), as it often may not be. Place the patterns on your metal and mark around them. Then cut out your pattern with a jigsaw, angle grinder, nibbler, metal shear, or snips. (see also: Wire and Sheet Metal Sizes)
Step 1) On the top piece, use a blunted cold chisel to score around the dotted line, then fold each tab down.
Step 2) Curve the top back piece around a pipe-like object, making sure to get the flared-out shape. Then drill holes and rivet it to the top plate.
Step 3) Fold the top front down the dotted line and curve the rest slightly. Then rivet to the top plate, and top back.
Step 4) Curve the back bottom and rivet it to the top bottom.
Step 5) Fold the front bottom down the dotted line and rivet to the back bottom.
Step 6) Rivet the nasal to the front top, drill breathing holes, pad up and its done!